5718 Westheimer Road
Suite 1100
Houston, TX 77057
www.niwus.com

Tel: 800.878.1807 (U.S. Toll Free)
Tel: 950.4034.8985 (中国直拨)
Fax: 866.608.2766
Email: zliu@niwus.com

刘宗坤律师专栏

从近期批准案例看NIW与EB-1A申请的选择与取舍

在EB-2和EB-3漫长排期的影响下,近期申请EB-1A的人数大幅增长。虽然移民局2008年财政年度的各类移民申请数据尚未公布,但从本所收到的EB-1A咨询和递交的EB-1A案件数量看,这类申请比以往有较大增长。

从申请人的情况看,EB-1A申请主要有两种:一种是单独提出EB-1A申请。第二种是在递交NIW(国家利益豁免)的同时,提出EB-1A申请。从本所处理的案件来看,第一种情况比较少,第二种情况比较多。主要原因在于,EB-1A对申请人的学术成就要求比较高,要至少符合十项条件中的三项才能申请。要求越高,申请成功的机率就相应越低。所以,为了降低风险,许多EB-1A申请人会同时申请NIW,作为后备。因为NIW对申请人学术贡献的要求比EB-1A要低许多,所以即使EB-1A不幸被拒,NIW仍然有很大机会批准。当然,如果EB-1A被批准,则不需要等待排期,可望很快拿到绿卡。

既然同时申请EB-1A和NIW具有这样大的优势,想通过这种途径申请绿卡的人自然就多。不过,从我们处理这类申请的经验来看,即便这样做存在巨大优势,这种做法并不适合每个申请人。申请人必须根据自己的具体情况来安排申请策略,而不能削足适履。

在本文中,我们选取本所近期批准的五件有代表性的EB-1A和NIW案例来分析,在何种情况下,申请人应当同时递交EB-1A和NIW。我们之所以选择这几个案例,是因为这几位申请人的学术条件比较有代表性,既不是特殊强,也不是特别弱。他们符合了NIW和EB-1A的基本条件。在这种情况下,在NIW与EB-1A之间,如何选择与取舍就变得尤其重要。符合了EB-1A的基本条件只是决定是否应该申请EB-1A的一个因素。更重要的是,达到基本条件后,还要看申请人是不是能提出强有力的证据,支持已经符合的每一项条件。证据的强弱,这是决定申请EB-1A成败的关键问题。

在以下案例中,每个申请人都达到了申请EB-1A的基本要求,即满足了至少三项条件。不过,在这三项条件中,申请人能够提出的证据强弱程度不同。比如说,有几位申请人的文章数量和被引用的次数,作为证据足以充分支持“创造性贡献”和“发表文章”两个条件。而第三条,作为审稿人审阅同仁的文章,因次数不多,就不算特别强。当然,对于客观或直接证据不是特别充分的地方,申请人就需要提供专家意见或间接证据,来尽量强化所达到的条件。即便如此,在以下案例中,EB-1A申请并没有绝对把握可以得到批准。从另一方面看,申请人现有的条件完全可以支持很强的NIW申请。在申请人有条件申请EB-1A,但是能够提出的证据强弱参差不齐的情况下,同时提出EB-1A和NIW申请最为稳妥,又最符合申请人尽快拿到绿卡的利益。

***************************
Case #1

Case Type:                Eb-1A/Eb-2NIW
Field of Research:     Mechanical Engineering
Major Credentials:     Ph.D. from a US University
                                  Published 40 journal papers and conference proceedings
                                  Cited approximately 140 times by other researchers
                                  Frequently invited to review papers for journals

Supporting Letters:   5 including 3 independent experts

Filing Date:              April 24, 2008

Approval Date:        Eb-1A was approved on December 2, 2008
                
***************************
Case #2

Case Type:                Eb-1A/Eb-2NIW
Field of Research:     Wireless Network
Major Credentials:     Ph.D. from a US university
                                  Published 32 Chinese and English journal papers
                                  One first authored paper was cited over 100 times
                                  Frequently invited to review papers for journals

Supporting Letters:    6 including 3 independent experts

Filing Date:                July 24, 2007

Approval Date:          Eb-1A was approved on December 1, 2008
                
***************************
Case #3

Case Type:                Eb-1A/Eb-2NIW
Field of Research:     Genetics
Major Credentials:     Ph.D. from a US University
                                  Published 10 journal papers
                                  Cited approximately 200 times by other researchers
                                   Invited to review papers for journals a few times

Supporting Letters:       5 including 3 independent experts

Filing Date:                    December 7, 2007

Approval Date:               Eb-1A was approved on November 10, 2008
                
***************************
Case #4:  

Case Type:                   Eb-1A/Eb-2NIW
Field of Research:        Physical Chemistry
Major Credentials:        Ph.D. from a foreign university
                                     Published 30 journal papers
                                     Cited approximately 300 times by other researchers
                                     Invited to review the work of others for 9 journals

Supporting Letters:       6 including 4 independent experts

Filing Date:                   November 9, 2007

Approval Date:             Eb-1A was Approved on October 30, 2008
                
***************************
Case #5

Case Type:                Eb-1A/Eb-2NIW
Field of Research:     Physical Chemistry
Major Credentials:     Ph.D. from a foreign university
                                  Published 26 journal papers
                                  Cited approximately 80 times by other researchers
                                  Invited to review papers a few times
                                  Some brief reports

Supporting Letters:   6 including 3 independent experts

Filing Date:              April 17, 2008

Approval Date:        Eb-1A was Approved on October 8, 2008

Request A Free Evaluation